andy warhol

Andy Warhol: his 10 most famous works

Andy Warhol is an American artist who is well known in the art world. He started screen printing in the early 1960s. In 1962, he introduced a silk-screening technique to use canvas as a support element. His first works were screen-printed portraits of film stars using his own technique. These included Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley, Warren Beatty, Nathalie Wood, Troy Donahue. Since then, he has begun to make his mark until he has earned the respect of his peers and art lovers.

Over the years, his art has become very popular, earning him the title "King of Pop Art". His talent allowed him to create a unique figure reflecting the image of an everyday object in a different way. The work "Marilyn Diptych" is proof of his exceptional talent. Even today, you can still see products based on the four colours of Andy Warhol's Pop Art work. And even though the artist's colour scheme is no longer used, the pop imagery has stood the test of time and is still an inspiration in the world of advertising.

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The 10 works of Andy Warhol

Andy Warhol began to be in the spotlight in 1962. His art consisted of reproducing consumer products in paint in a completely different and unique form. These small reproductions were noticed by art lovers and since then the concept of Andy Warhol's Pop Art has been launched. Here are 10 paintings by Andy Warhol that have crossed time and are still in the spotlight.

Marilyn Diptych in 1962

Les premières œuvres d’Andy Warhol sur la star de cinéma Marilyn Monroe ont été réalisées juste après quelque temps que celle-ci a pris l’arme à gauche. Le peintre s’inspirait d’une image utilisée comme photo publicitaire de l’actrice pour son film 1953 Niagara. C’est compréhensible qu’il ait choisi son portrait vu que Marilyn Monroe était à cette époque la femme la plus célèbre du monde. Bref, sur cet ouvrage, vous constaterez deux représentations de la même photo, mais à des contrastes différentes. En effet, cela reflète la vie d’une star sous deux facettes différentes : sa vie en public et sa vie en privé. À l’instar de cet ouvrage, ceci n’était pas l’intention de Warhol. C’était en fait l’idée des collectionneurs d’art Burton et d’Emily Tremaine lorsque ces derniers lui ont rendu visite pour présenter une demande. Ces deux collectionneurs d’art cherchaient à présenter deux toiles de Marilyn Monroe déjà réalisées sous forme de diptyque. Comme vous l’avez deviné, Warhol a accepté.

Marilyn Diptych
Oeuvre d’Andy Warhol – Marilyn Diptych

Campbell's Soup Cans in 1962

At the same time, the painter took on the image of a very familiar product such as consumer products, comics, celebrity photographs, etc. He was inspired above all by anything that could attract the public's attention. On this work he borrowed the image of Campbell's Soup Company canned soup. His first display of it was in grocery shops, on the shelves next to the product itself. At that time, Campbell's sold 32 varieties of soup. Each of his paintings represented these 32 different flavoured varieties.

Campbell's Soup Cans
Oeuvre d’Andy Warhol – Campbell’s Soup Cans.

Green Coca-coal Bottles in 1962

Andy Warhol created this work at the same time as he was developing his technique in screen printing. He used a parallel mechanical process to produce a repetitive image in a standardised format. However, the artist used a particular tool for the outline, probably from a block of wood carved onto the green parts printed in a grid pattern. Each representation of the bottle differs from the others in the regularity of the green layer and the clarity of its stamped profile.

Green Coca Cola Bottles
Oeuvre d’Andy Warhol – Green Coca-Cola Bottles, 1962

Flowers series in 1964

Pour préparer son premier spectacle avec Leo Castelli en automne 1964, Warhol a choisi une fleur comme objet de son prochain tableau. Il a commencé à peindre sa série Flowers l’été de cette même année. Vous constaterez que la répétition d’image apparait toujours dans tous ces exploits. C’est une sorte de signature qui lui sert d’identification en tant qu’artiste. Dans cette exposition avec Castelli, Warhol a choisi d’utiliser pour une fois une toile carrée à dimension différente : en 48 et 20 pouces. Il a ajouté un modèle de 8 pouces supplémentaires lors de son exposition à la galerie Sonnabend à Paris au printemps du 1965. Le peintre trouvait une totale liberté d’orientation avec le format carré. Il pouvait les installer de différentes manières. C’était aussi l’occasion pour Warhol de vendre des tableaux à prix variés. L’artiste a également créé d’autres présentations de cette série de Fleurs en utilisant d’autres techniques un peu différentes. Il y a le modèle sérigraphie, un autre fait en crayon, en acrylique peint à la main et un modèle utilisant de la peinture fluorescente Day-Glo. Chaque illustration de ces tableaux a été retracée par Eykyn Maclean. Son but était de démontrer la différence que l’on peut percevoir en s’appuyant les différentes techniques utilisées et la taille de la peinture. La bannière que Warhol a réalisée pour officialiser l’ouverture de la librairie Peace Eye à New York en 1965 en faisait partie. Il s’agit d’une peinture de fleur posée sur un tissu rouge.

Flowers series
Oeuvre d’Andy Warhol – Flowers serie, 1964

Cow series in 1966

Avec les amateurs d’art, vous trouverez toujours des questions qui n’ont aucune signification. C’est le cas lorsque le marchand d’art Ivan Karp à suggérer une idée qui disait : « pourquoi ne peignez-vous pas des vaches ? ». Pourquoi une vache ? Qu’est-ce qu’une vache a-t-elle de si particulière ? Pourtant, Warhol s’est donné la peine de réaliser une sérigraphie de vache. De plus, avec son style sur les jeux de couleur (rose vif sur un fond jaune vif) tout en utilisant du papier peint comme support, Ivan Karp a été choqué. Cependant, ce fut le début d’une nouvelle forme d’art créé par Warhol connu sous le nom de Papier peint Warhol. Sa fascination pour les images répétées se reflète sans cesse à travers ses œuvres. C’est aussi le cas avec cette tête de vache qui se répète plusieurs fois sur un seul papier peint. Il n’a pas omis de présenter cet ouvrage lors de sa rétrospective de 1970 au Whitney Museum of American Art. Il reste fidèle à son idée, en établissant le portrait du président Mao sur du papier peint. Cette idée s’est poursuivie avec les autres expositions comme son exposition parisienne de 1974.

Cow series
Oeuvre d’Andy Warhol – Cow Serie, 1966

Banana in 1967

Andy Warhol painted his first cover for the Velvet Underground and Nico's album, the Banana, in March 1967. In March 2012, this image was the subject of a legal debate as to whether it represented the artist or the rock band that Velvet Underground was promoting. 45 years later, the image has retained its popularity which is now controversial with the artist. Warhol had produced two copies of the banana, the first of which was used for the cover of the 11 x 11 inch LP. This version used a peelable yellow colour for the banana skin which was overlaid with a pink banana. The latter is inscribed with the phrase "Peel slow and see". He also made another large-scale reproduction of the image using the same removable colour.

Banana Andy Warhol
Oeuvre d’Andy Warhol – Banana, 1967

Mao series in 1972

Son tableau sur le président Mao, lui a permis d’élaborer un portfolio avec 10 portraits. Andy Warhol a utilisé plusieurs couleurs vives qui montrent sa fascination pour les chocs des images. Son illustration met en scène un conflit entre les cascades publicitaires communistes et le kitsch américain. La représentation de Mao sous forme de pop art transforme l’air intimidant et mystérieux du président en une icône pop glamour des années 70. Ce qui rappelle l’originalité de ses œuvres.

Mao series
Oeuvre d’Andy Warhol – Mao Serie, 1972

Dollar Sign in 1981

In this representation, Warhol publicly demonstrates that he loves money. Moreover, he came from a poor family who worked in an industry in Pittsburgh. By drawing the dollar sign, it reminds him of where he came from. His first interpretation of money began in 1960. He still illustrated this same idea with this imagery containing a series of drawings and paintings of the dollar sign. This creation is one of his greatest works of art. It was depicted on a pristine white canvas using felt-tip pen and self-made ink as a drawing tool. You can even see how nothing has changed. Everything is there, even the ink splatters.

Dollar Sign
Oeuvre d’Andy Warhol – Dollar Sign, 1981

Gun in 1981 to 1982

Death pursued the artist in 1960. With the death of Marilyn Monroe and the "Death and Disaster" series, the fear came over him. He came to paint pictures that were close to a rather distinctive theme of death. Moreover, Andy Warhol was beyond death in 1968. He was shot with a snub-nosed pistol. 22, by Valerie Solanas. Maybe it was just a coincidence, but at the time, all this drama was happening just as he was deciding to paint guns with a whole series of knives. His idea to paint a series of guns, a series of knives and some dollar sign paintings was for an exhibition at the Leo Castelli Gallery in New York in January 1982.

Gun Andy Warhol
Oeuvre d’Andy Warhol – Gun, 1981-1982

Camouflage Séries in 1986

As everyone knows, camouflage is used to blend in. His painting was similar to the pattern depicted in the uniforms of the armed forces. This is a real paradox, since the motif represents a rather remarkable emblem, while he is talking about camouflage. Perhaps this is where his preoccupation with logos and brands came from. There is a certain persecution of the camouflage function in this series of colourful restructurings. You can see in the rightmost part, a sense of false patriotism. The colours used turn blue, white and red.

Camouflage Andy Warhol
Oeuvre d’Andy Warhol – Camouflage Serie, 1986

Why is Andy Warhol the father of pop art ?

Andy Warhol is indeed the king of pop art. Everything around him became a masterpiece, including himself. He honoured certain consumer products as well as the images of several artists like Marilyn Monroe, Liz Taylor, etc. Since everyone considered him a star, he decided to paint his self-portrait in the manner of these two celebrities as well.

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Andy Warhol, over the years, perpetuated pop art and began to emphasize the art of creativity by drawing inspiration from the models around him, and this, since 1960. Many musicians were interested in his work, the way he portrayed it and especially the technique he used to illustrate it. It was his popularity through his musical artists that gave him the title of King of Pop Art. Warhol's works were stimulated by numerous consumer companies and were perpetuated over time.

Conclusion

Andy Warhol was a well-known painter. He made his mark and was officially recognised as the father of pop art in the 20th century. Today, some of his technique can still be seen in several art demonstrations. It can be concluded that Andy Warhol's art is an inspirational brand for today's world.

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